Discounted Cash Flow Calculation for NasdaqCM:PBTS using 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity Model
The calculations below outline how an intrinsic value for
is arrived at by discounting future cash flows to their present value using the 2 stage method.
We try to start with analysts estimates of free cash flow, however if these are not available we use the most recent financial results. In the 1st stage we continue to grow the free cash flow over a 10 year period, with the growth rate trending towards the perpetual growth rate used in the 2nd stage. The 2nd stage assumes the company grows at a stable rate into perpetuity.
Note: Free cash flow to equity valuations ignore the company's cash or debt.
NasdaqCM:PBTS DCF 1st Stage: Next 10 year cash flow forecast
Amount off the current price
is available for.
Share price is
vs Future cash flow value of
Current Discount Checks
to be considered undervalued it must be available for at least 20% below the
current price. Less than 40% is even better.
Powerbridge Technologies's share price is below the future cash flow value, and at a moderate discount (> 20%).
Powerbridge Technologies's share price is below the future cash flow value, and at a substantial discount (> 40%).
PRICE RELATIVE TO MARKET
We can also value a company based on what the stock market is willing to pay for
it. This is similar to the price of fruit (e.g. Mangoes or Avocados) increasing
when they are out of season, or how much your home is worth.
The amount the stock market is willing to pay for
is considered below, and whether this is a fair price.
Price based on past earnings
Powerbridge Technologies's earnings available for a low price, and how does
this compare to other companies in the same industry?
Powerbridge Technologies's earnings are expected to grow significantly at over 20% yearly.
Powerbridge Technologies's revenue is expected to grow significantly at over 20% yearly.
Past and Future Earnings per Share
The accuracy of the analysts who estimate the future performance data can
be gauged below. We look back 3 years and see if they were any good at
predicting what actually occurred. We also show the highest and lowest estimates
looking forward to see if there is a wide range.
Powerbridge Technologies's performance over the past 5 years by checking for:
Has earnings increased in past 5 years? (1 check)
Has the earnings growth in the last year exceeded that of the
industry? (1 check)
Is the recent earnings growth over the last year higher than the average annual growth over the
past 5 years? (1 check)
Is the Return on Equity (ROE) higher than 20%? (1 check)
Is the Return on Assets (ROA) above industry average? (1 check)
Has the Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) increased from 3 years ago? (1 check)
The above checks will fail if the company has reported a loss in the most recent
earnings report. Some checks require at least 3 or 5 years worth of data.
has a total score of
0/6, see the detailed checks below.
Note: We use GAAP Net Income excluding extraordinary items in all our calculations.
A company's financial position is much like your own financial position,
it includes everything you own
The boxes below represent the relative size of what makes up
Powerbridge Technologies's finances.
The net worth of a company is the difference between its assets and liabilities.
Powerbridge Technologies is able to meet its short term (1 year) commitments with its holdings of cash and other short term assets.
Powerbridge Technologies has no long term commitments.
This treemap shows a more detailed breakdown of
Powerbridge Technologies's finances. If any of them are yellow this
indicates they may be out of proportion and red means they relate to one of the
Liabilities and shares
The 'shares' portion represents any funds contributed by the owners (shareholders) and any profits.
Low level of unsold assets.
Debt is covered by short term assets, assets are 11.2x debt.
Nearly all companies have debt. Debt in itself isn’t
however if the debt is too high, or the company can’t afford to pay the interest
on its debts this may have impacts in the future.
The graphic below shows equity (available funds) and debt, we ideally want to
see the red area (debt) decreasing.
If there is any debt we look at the companies capability to repay it, and
whether the level has increased over the past 5 years.
Management is one of the most important areas of a company. We look at
unreasonable CEO compensation, how long the team and board of directors have
been around for and insider trading.
TENURE AS CEO
Mr. Ben B. Lor is the Co-Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer of PowerBridge Technology Co., Ltd. since October 24, 2019. He served as the Chief Executive Officer, President and Chairman of the Board of PowerBridge Technology Co., Ltd. since August 2018 until October 24, 2019. An entrepreneur and professional executive with a proven track record of success, Mr. Lor has over twenty years of experience doing business in both China and the USA as well as expertise in information technology, manufacturing, and international trade. Prior to PowerBridge, he co-founded and served as Chief Executive Officer of Lorons International Corporation. Mr. Lor served at Instrument System Corporation, where his responsibilities included system design and development, technical management, and project management. He serves as a Director of PowerBridge Technology Co., Ltd. He completed graduate level coursework in Electrical Engineering at Polytechnic University. Mr. Lor holds BS (Electrical Engineering) and MBA degrees from State University of New York and New York Institute of Technology. Mr. Lor owns and controls 65.35% equity interest of Sunbrook One Ltd.
Ben B.'s compensation has increased whilst company is loss making.
Ben B.'s remuneration is lower than average for companies of similar size in United States of America.
Management Team Tenure
Average tenure and age of the
management team in years:
The average tenure for the Powerbridge Technologies management team is less than 2 years, this suggests a new team.
Ben B. Lor
Co-Chairman & Co-CEO
Chief Product Officer
Chief Research & Development Officer
Board of Directors Tenure
Average tenure and age of the
board of directors in years:
The average tenure for the Powerbridge Technologies board of directors is less than 3 years, this suggests a new board.
Board of Directors
Ben B. Lor
Co-Chairman & Co-CEO
Who owns this company?
Recent Insider Trading
No 3 month open market individual insider trading information.
Do Institutions Own Powerbridge Technologies Co., Ltd. (NASDAQ:PBTS) Shares?
As Nassim Nicholas Taleb said, 'Don’t tell me what you think, tell me what you have in your portfolio.' Powerbridge Technologies is not a large company by global standards. … View our latest analysis for Powerbridge Technologies NasdaqCM:PBTS Ownership Summary, August 12th 2019 What Does The Lack Of Institutional Ownership Tell Us About Powerbridge Technologies? … Private Company Ownership It seems that Private Companies own 11%, of the PBTS stock.
Read This Before You Buy Powerbridge Technologies Co., Ltd. (NASDAQ:PBTS) Because Of Its P/E Ratio
See our latest analysis for Powerbridge Technologies How Do I Calculate A Price To Earnings Ratio? … The formula for P/E is: Price to Earnings Ratio = Price per Share ÷ Earnings per Share (EPS) Or for Powerbridge Technologies: P/E of 16.17 = $3.62 ÷ $0.22 (Based on the year to December 2018.) Is A High Price-to-Earnings Ratio Good? … A higher P/E ratio means that buyers have to pay a higher price for each $1 the company has earned over the last year.
Why Fundamental Investors Might Love Powerbridge Technologies Co., Ltd. (NASDAQ:PBTS)
Very undervalued with excellent balance sheet Investors in search of impressive top-line expansion should look no further than PBTS, with its expected 91% revenue growth in the upcoming year, bolstered by its impressive cash-generating ability, as analysts predict its operating cash flows will more than double over the same time period. … PBTS appears to have made good use of debt, producing operating cash levels of 1.82x total debt in the prior year. … Dividend Income vs Capital Gains: Does PBTS return gains to shareholders through reinvesting in itself and growing earnings, or redistribute a decent portion of earnings as dividends?
Powerbridge Technologies Co., Ltd. provides software application and technology solutions and services primarily in China. The company offers Powerbridge System Solutions, which include Trade Enterprise and Trade Compliance, as well as Import & Export Loan and Insurance Processing for customers to streamline their trade operations, trade logistics, and regulatory compliance. It also provides Powerbridge Software-as-a-Service solutions, which include Logistics Service Cloud and Trade Zone Operations Cloud, as well as Inward Processed Manufacturing Cloud, Cross-Border eCommerce Cloud, and Import & Export Loan and Insurance Processing Service Cloud. The company serves international trade businesses and manufacturers, government agencies and authorities, and logistics service and other providers. It sells its solutions and services through its direct sales organization, indirect channel partners, and strategic government partners. Powerbridge Technologies Co., Ltd. was founded in 1997 and is headquartered in Zhuhai, China.
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